Category Archives: BENEFITS OF COW DUNG

Straw Paper

Straw PaperThin Straw Pulp Papers are being made in some rural areas of Myanmar as a cottage industry. Straw makes excellent paper. Straw fibers are similar to hardwood fibers and straw pulp is used to make handmade paper in a similar manner. There is plenty of straw produced globally, about 1.5 billion tons annually.

Straw papers are generally imported from China and other Asian countries. Earlier North America was considered to be the largest producer of straw fibers to make paper but currently there is no market for handmade straw paper and pulp in North America.

Making of Straw Paper

  • Cereal straw is rested in water and lime in clay pots for few days.
  • After few days, the straw is cooked and steamed under a wood fire for thirty hours.
  • The material is then rinsed and washed in cold water.
  • The fiber is then beaten with a metal tipped, wooden stamper.
  • Water is then added to pulp and a pronged wooden rod is twirled to disperse the fibers. The slurry is then poured into the screen immersed in water.
  • Distribute the slurry evenly on the screen and lift out the screen.
  • Leave the screen in sun to dry.
  • After drying, the sheets are removed from the screen.

Straw PaperTypes of Straw Paper

  • Rice Straw Paper- Rice straw makes beautiful handmade paper. Rice straw paper is translucent and absorbent finely made with smooth surface and high quality. This paper is designed for art uses.
  • Bamboo Straw Paper- Bamboo leaves, branches and clums are used to make wonderful handmade papers.
  • Wheat Straw Paper- These are beautiful non toxic handmade paper made from blended wheat straws.

Disadvantages of Using Straw Fibers to Make Handmade Paper

  • Straw fibers have high silica content that causes problems in the chemical recovery process such as scaling.
  • Straw fibers have higher water retention capacity and this pose a significant problem when separating water and pulp to make paper.
  • Straw yields less pulp per ton of raw material.
  • Straw bales takes three times space, so the transportation is expensive.

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Filed under COW PROTECTION, PAPER MAKING, Uncategorized

Vermicompost Advantages

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we export vermicompost a natural manure made of pure cow dung.


1) Soil food is an eco-friendly natural fertilizer prepared from bio-degradable organic matter.

2) It is improves soil aeration and texture by reducing soil compaction.

3) It improves water retention capacity of soil.

4) It promotes better root system and nutrient absorption

5) It supplies NPK as well as trace minerals like calcium, magnesium, and micro nutrients.

6) It promotes stronger stem and leaf growth which accelerates photosynthesis and further develops healthy foliage.

7) It extends Shelf life of fruits and vegetables.

8) It promotes faster germination of seeds and faster growth of plants due to healthy roots.

9) It has a capacity to detoxify chemical residues and heavy metals.

10) Minimize the need of chemical fertilizer.

Vermicast vs. Chemical Fertilizers in Soil

Criteria for Comparison Chemical Fertilizers Vermicast
Macro nutrient contents Mostly contains only one (N in urea) or at the most two (N & P in DAP) nutrients in any one type of chemical fertilizer Contains all i.e. nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) & potassium (K) in sufficient quantities
Secondary nutrient contents Not available Calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) & sulphur (S) is available in required quantities
Micro nutrient contents Not available Zinc (Zn), boron (B), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo) and chlorine (Cl) also present
pH balancing Disturb soil pH to create salinity and alkalinity conditions Helps in the control of soil pH and checks the salinity and alkalinity in soil
EC correction Creates imbalance in soil EC affecting nutrients assimilation Helps in balancing the EC to improve plant nutrient adsorption
Organic carbon Not available Very high organic carbon and humus contents improves soil characteristics
Moisture retention capacity Reduces moisture retention capacity of the soil Increases moistures retention capacity of the soil
Soil Texture Damages soil texture to reduce aeration Improves soil texture for better aeration
Beneficial bacteria & fungi Reduces biological activities and thus the fertility is impaired Very high biological life improves the soil fertility and productivity on sustainable basis
Plant growth hormones Not available Sufficient quantity helps in better growth and production

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Cow Dung Paper made in Andhra

Anuradha Palla,
Reserch Scholor,
Andhra University

Ever since the human civilization, man start depending on the cattle for cultivation, milch, woolen etc. Among the cattle cow gained lot of importance in the history because as per the Hindu mythology It is said that 33 crores God and Goddess exists in her. So Hindus consider cow as sacred and holy. They worship cow as the incorination of God. It is a useful animal stands for the symbol of purity and innocence. It is useful in all ways to humanity. Such an innocent, useful animal is been slaughtered by the human being for their selfishness. It is said by Mahatma Gandhi:
“Cow Slaughter and manslaughter are in my opinion the two sides of same coin”
Indians revolted against the British in 1857 regarding the greased cartridges whose head to be bitten off, before loading into the newly introduced Enfield riffle, was made from beef or fat. Introduction of new cartridges hurt the religious feelings of the soldiers and this event paved the path for the India’s independence. In the other way we can say that it is because of killing the cow and the usage of its fat and beef. The idea of revolt or revolution came into the minds of Indians. In one way we can say that the cow beef is the reason for revolt or the revolution.

Killing the cow is like killing the humanity:
India has the largest number of live stock, representing about 17% of the world population. Out of the present 450 million heads of live stock, cattle represent 43.11% (i.e. 194 Million) .

Cow slaughter in India: During the British era under the governance of Clive the first Slaughter house started in India, where daily thousands of cows were slaughtered .In the Year 1910 the slaughter house numbers increased to 350. At the time of independence it increased to 36000. It is estimated that on an average nearly 1 lakh cows were been sent to Slaughter house in a day.

Cow dung and agriculture
Cow dung can be used as good manure a for cultivation. By using one Cow’s dung in 1 year 80 tones of vermi compost can be prepared. In general each Kg of vermin compost is available in the market at the rate of 4 to 6 rupees per kg having good demand. Gobar compost consist of nitrogen 0.5-1.5%, phosphorus 0.5-0.9%potassium 1.2-1.4%.This is equal to chemical fertilizers. Hence it is proved that cow dung compost value is not less than the chemical fertilizers. Use of chemicals fertilizers leads to soil degradation and loss of fertility of the soil. By using cow dung we can increase the fertility of soil, and can increase the production of crops. Many successful stories are there in India. The best example is Warangal district in Andhra Pradesh. Where thousands of farmers are cultivating their farms by using vermi culture. As we all know suicides of farmers were more in A.P. by using vermi culture Warangal District farmers have over come from suicides. They say that cow based compose is the best fertilizer for cultivating the crops and by using this manure they are getting good productivity.
For Example: Earlier for one acre of land total expenses were Rs. 20,000/- and used to get Rs. 25,000/- yield at the maximum side which include maximum number of risks. Later by using cow dung and urine based compost, sprinkles and by use of bulls the expenses came down to Rs. 8000/- per acre. And they are getting the same productivity. They are preparing panchagavyas, Jeevamritams, Amrutjalam, Vermiwash, etc. for better cultivation which is made by cow dung and urine.

Cow dung and Soil fertility
In Thretha yugh and Dwapara yugh the cultivation of crops were been done by using only cow dung based manure and the fertility of the soil was very good. As the generation passed on there was a change in the man. But the land remained the same. Ever since the urbanization has started in country man for his selfishness started involved foreign culture even in Cultivation. They launched the chemicals fertilisers companies in the country and with the Use of chemical fertilizers the fertility of the soil got reduced. In order to increase the fertility of the soil, cow dung and urine based manure should be used to increase the fertility of the soil.
Cow and its Magnanimity:
Cow is the symbol of innocence and purity it has a great sacrificing nature. It gives and gives even when it is alive and gives after death. That is why it is known for it magnanimity. No, animal or human being so useful on this earth as much as cow. God has created an organism on this earth to save and serve the human beings. But man has forgotten God and his great creation he is killing cow and it is like killing the humanity.
Cow dung can be used in preparing mosquito coils, Distemper, Bath soaps, face pack, dhoop sticks, cow dung cakes religious rituals, tooth powder, toys flowerpots, paper, tiles can be prepared.

Cow Urine
Cow urine is used as medicine in curing many diseases. Because it contains chemicals like Nitrogen, Sulpher, Ammonia, Copper, Iron, etc., helps in curing the diseases like blood abnormalities and toxins, natural stimulant of urinary track, activates kidneys and it is divretic motion in large intestines, cleanses blood, stabilizes bile, and stabilizes blood formation, controls built up of unwanted fats. Maintains balance and helps in production of red blood cells and hemoglobin. It is even useful in curing diseases like cancer, diabetes, blood pressure, joint pains, cough, sinus, kidney stones etc can be cured.
Some of the medicines prepared from cow urine are ark, ghanwati, eye drops, ear drops, balm etc. some of the products like phenyls, blue, hand wash, glass cleaner are also prepared by using cow urine.
Cow dung and Paper:
As the cow dung contains fiber in it paper can be made with cow dung. Paper from cow dung was made successfully in the year 2007 only and got its recognisition from International Kamdhenu Ahimsa University. But due to lack of financial support it is unable to launch an Industry. In Australia and in Thailand Paper is prepared from Kangaroo dung and elephant dung. We all know about the numbers of Kangaroo and Elephant in the universe. When compared to cow heads the numbers of elephant and kangaroo is not more than 1%. If the government or Non Governmental organisation gives adequate support, we can easily start the manufacturing of paper from cow dung. In the initial stage it will start with small scale production in make greeting cards, visiting cards, hand bags etc from cow dung. On one hand our farmers will get benefited by selling the dung and on the other side we are conserving the forests. The best thing is that this industry will not require much funding. If we get the financial support any source we will prove that it is not “GOBAR but it is GOVAR”. Every goshala should start reserch on the usage of cow dung and urine.
Cow and milk:
It is scientifically proved that cow milk is one of the best nutritious foods and it is easily digested with in two hours. It is used as ‘Ksheeram’ in temples. It can substitute a mother’s milk. It is used in panchamritam in any auspicious occasions. Sweets, Ghee, curd can be prepared by using cow milk. There is a lot of demand for ghee and cow milk in the market. But as there is scarcity of cow’s people are unable to get the cow ghee and milk.
Cow is sacred. It is very useful. It can same the man kind in serving as manure to soil, mother to children’s, it saved the lives of farmers by helping them in using vermin compost. It can also solve the problem of deforestation in producing paper from cow dung. It also helps in curing the diseases of human beings and serving cow urine as medicine. What else we want? and more we expect …. It is such an important organism as this earth creator has created a kamadhenu magnanimous cow. If we stop killing the cow and start protecting the cow, our country will be developed man’s life expectancy may go up if he uses the medicines made by cow urine based and if we start consuming cow milk and curd we can get rid of few diseases. So in my view if you protect cow it is like protecting yourself. If you kill the cow it is like killing the humanity.


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Ig Nobel Prize: Vanilla flavoring from cow dung

5 Oct 2007

Vanillin — Mayu Yamamoto, a former researcher at the International Medical Center of Japan, has won this year’s Ig Nobel Chemistry Prize for developing a method for extracting vanillin — an ingredient in vanilla fragrance and flavoring — from cow dung.

According to an AFP report, Yamamoto, who attended the award ceremony at Harvard University on October 4, said, “At first I thought it was a joke, but I came to the award ceremony hoping my research would become more widely known.” Yamamoto says that widespread adoption of her method could help the environment because companies would make greater use of cow dung, which arguably contributes to global warming.

As a bonus prize, Toscanini’s Ice Cream in Cambridge, Massachusetts has invented a new flavor — Yum-A-Moto Vanilla Twist — to honor Yamamoto, and is offering a free public tasting to its customers on October 5.

The annual Ig Nobel Prizes are meant to honor scientific achievements that “first make people laugh, and then make them think,” according to the founders at science humor magazine Annals of Improbable Research.

Yamamoto is 12th Japanese person to receive an Ig Nobel Prize since the awards were established in 1991. Previous award-winning achievements from Japan include the invention of karaoke, which received the Peace Prize, and the Tamagotchi, which received the Economics Prize.

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Cow Dung Adobe Bricks- University of Malawi research

D.G. Simango and A.A.B. Lyson
Malawi Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 1 pp. 15-20

Soil stabilization is a technique that uses other materials to improve the durability of soil by increasing its strength and resistance to water.

Cowdung was used as a soil stabilizer in a soil stabilization investigation for the construction of adobe bricks.

The investigation consisted of mixing cowdung with sandy clay soil in the cowdung/soil ratio 0:1, 1:6, 1:5, 1:4, 1:3, 1:2, and 1:1.
The adobe bricks were evaluated for comprehensive strength, permeability, erosion and cracking. The results showed that the 1:4 ratio had the highest comprehensive strength and the highest resistance to erosion.

The highest resistance to water penetration after a period of three hours was shown by the cowdung/soil ratio 1:5, and there was minimum cracking in all the treatments.

Department of Agricultural Engineering, Bunda College of Agriculture, University of Malawi, P.O. Box 219, Lilongwe.

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How To: Dung into Paper

poo into paper: The making of paper starts with the collection and processing of the dung pulp. Elephant dung is typically full of short to medium grained fibrous materials from the elephants diet which when processed makes excellent paper. Panda poo has lots of undigested bamboo fibers (also a great fiber for paper-making). And cows and horses have a lot of undigested grass in their poo!

First, the naturally dried dung is collected from elephant and Giant Panda conservation parks and brought back to the paper-making factory.

Next, the dung is pre-rinsed with water, leaving only the fibrous materials from the grasses, bamboo & fruits they’ve eaten.

The fibers are placed into a giant pot of boiling water to ensure the fibers are super clean. After this thorough cleaning, the desired color can be added.

Natural fibers from banana trees & pineapples are added to the dung mixture so the paper will be thicker and stronger.

Once this is all mixed together, the moist fibers are separated into small “cakes” or “wafers” of about 300-400 grams each.

The cakes are spread evenly over a mesh-bottomed tray measuring about 60cm by 90cm.

The tray is leaned up against a tree, angled toward the sun and allowed to dry naturally for a few hours.

Once dry, the sheet of paper is peeled from the mesh tray and start making the paper products.

Courtesy of The Great Elephant Poo Poo Paper Company

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Friday, January 30, 2009

Cattle dung is a resource. Our farmers are aware of its use as manure in agricultural fields but for want of alternate cheap cooking-fuel, they are left with no other option except to burn it in hearths. This age-old practice of burning dung cakes in the most inefficient manner should be dispensed with to conserve cattle dung for sustaining, rather improving soil health and in turn agricultural productivity. We are one of the leading countries in developing and promoting biogas technology. Still we have to travel a long way to make full use of this technology for developing our rural areas.
For better results, concerted efforts are needed in dovetailing the biogas programme with the Cattle Improvement Schemes on the one hand and with the Watershed Programme on the other. Good work done by trained masons, technicians, NGOs, etc., should be recognized by organizing healthy competitions at the block and district level and awarding the best performing persons and organisations. Plant owners, using biogas and manure efficiently should also be awarded on an annual basis. Do-it-yourself manual on the operation and maintenance of biogas plants for plant owners, construction manuals for masons, manuals on laying gas distribution pipe line and fixing burners and lamps and operation of duel-fuel engines for technicians, biogas plant users’ manual, etc. should be brought out in regional languages and widely distributed. The use of digested slurry in conjunction with chemical fertilizers should be encouraged to increase the fertilizer use efficiency. Further research data indicate that the use of biogas-slurry manure reduces the adverse affect of injudicious application of pesticides on soils. Therefore, to generate awareness among farmers, field demonstrations on the use of biogas-slurry manure should be organized. Also greater R&D efforts should be made to focus on diversified value added use of manure, e.g. for hardening of tissue cultured seedlings, abatement of soil-toxicity, as a source of micro-nutrients and root stimulant for fruit and vegetable crops, etc.
Several private dairies and gaushalas possess large number of cattle heads and many-a-time face the problem of disposal or use of cattle dung in towns and cities. To overcome this problem, the biogas technology coupled with electricity generation should be promoted with focus on production and marketing of manure.

1. Fuel – cow dung patties (gootte) for cooking
2. Fertilizer – composting makes it even more powerful
3. Heat source – cow dung is naturally hot -compost makes hotter put in glass house to heat glass house or run pipes thru it to get hot water.
3. Purifier – natural antiseptic qualities
4. Floor coating – used mixed with mud and water on floors in mud houses. Improves water absorption of mud. Prevents muddy puddles resulting from spilt water.
5. Mud brick additive – improves resistance to disintegration
6. Skin tonic – mixed with crushed neem leaves smeared on skin – good for boils and heat rash (SP used it for heat rash in Mayapur.)
7. Smoke producer – smoldering cow patties keep away mosquitoes. Can also make smoked paneer over such smoke. Tastes great in pasta! 🙂
Ash – from patties used in cooking. –
8. Pot cleaner – used dry absorbs oil and fat wet as a general cleaner
9. Brass polisher – tamarind removes oxidation – wet ashes polishes
10. Fertilizer – alkaline – cow dung ash is basically lime with a few other mineral mixed in
11. Mud additive – dries up slippery mud puddles
12. Mud brick additive – mud and lime (cow dung ashes) becomes like cement
13. Pond PH balancer – thrown into pond neutralizes acid.
14. Tooth polish –
15. Sun-dried organic recreational-aerodynamic-device -cow patty Frisbees 😉
16. Fan for fire – large cow patties can be used as make shift fans.
17. Deity worship – ingredient in panca gavya

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